Online publications and guides to districting/redistricting:
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Under a district-based election system, the City would be divided into five equally populated districts. A candidate must reside within an election district and is elected only by voters residing within that same election district.
Currently, the City Council consists of five Council Members who are elected at-large. This means any eligible voter who lives in the City can run for office, and every voter may vote for all five of the City Council Member seats, regardless of where they live in the City. Once elected, the five City Council Members pick one Council Member to serve as mayor for one year, after which the City Council picks a different Council Member to serve as mayor for another one-year term. Council Members serve four-year terms of office.
Districting determines which neighborhoods and communities are grouped together into a district for purposes of electing a Council Member. The City Council will seek input in selecting the first district-based election map. You have an opportunity to share with the City Council how you think district boundaries should be drawn to best represent your community either during the public hearings or by submitting comments to email@example.com.
1. Federal Laws
Equal Population (based on total population of residents as determined by the most recent federal decennial census and adjusted by the State to reassign incarcerated persons to the last known place of residence)
Federal Voting Rights Act
No Racial Gerrymandering
2. California Criteria for Cities (to the extent practicable and in the following order of priority)
Geographically contiguous (areas that meet only at the points of adjoining corners are not contiguous. Areas that are separated by water and not connected by a bridge, tunnel, or ferry service are not contiguous.
Undivided neighborhoods and “communities of interest” (Socio-economic geographic areas that should be kept together for purposes of its effective and fair representation)
Easily identifiable boundaries
Compact (Do not bypass one group of people to get to a more distant group of people)
“Shall not favor or discriminate against a political party.”
3. Other Traditional Districting Principles
Respect voters’ choices / continuity in office
Future population growth
A community of interest is a “contiguous population that shares common social and economic interests that should be included within a single district for purposes of its effective and fair representation.”
Below are useful excerpts from the Local Government Redistricting Toolkit by Asian Americans Advancing Justice - Asian Law Caucus (2020)
Communities of interest are the overlapping sets of neighborhoods, networks, and groups that share interests, views, cultures, histories, languages, and values and whose boundaries can be identified on a map.
The following elements help define communities of interest:
shared interests in schools, housing, community safety, transit, health conditions, land use, environmental conditions, and/or other issues;
common social and civic networks, including churches, mosques, temples, homeowner associations, and community centers, and shared use of community spaces, like parks and shopping centers;
racial and ethnic compositions, cultural identities, and households that predominantly speak a language other than English;
similar socio-economic status, including but not limited to income, home-ownership, and education levels;
shared political boundary lines from other jurisdictions, such as school districts, community college districts, and water districts.
Share your specific thoughts, draw a map, or attend an upcoming workshop to get involved!
Submit written testimony about your community, the districting process, or a specific map to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Click here to see the calendar of workshops and public hearings at which you can speak about the process or a specific map.
At the hearings and workshops, we want you to:
Common acronyms demographic categories:
VAP: Voting age population
CVAP: Citizen Voting Age Population
CVRA: California Voting Rights Act
FAIR MAPS Act: Fair And Inclusive Redistricting for Municipalities and Political Subdivisions
NDC: National Demographics Corporation (the firm hired to produce the maps and provide demographic data)
No, you do not need to submit a fully completed map. You can draw boundaries for only your neighborhood or only a portion of the city. It is helpful if you submit written commentary with your map describing why the particular neighborhood or area should be kept together in a single district.
Yes, you may submit more than one map. Please draw as many maps as you like. We suggest you submit only your top 2-3 preferred maps to assist the City Council in focusing on the map that best represents your community; however, there is no limit.
After you submit your map to email@example.com, the demographic consultants will generate the population and other demographic details for your proposed map. Maps will be posted on the City’s website and can be viewed on the Interactive Review Map.
Once submitted, maps are considered public records.